A measurement of the quality of an organization's policies, products, programs, strategies, etc., and their comparison with standard measurements, or similar measurements of its peers.
Biodegradable waste is a type of waste, typically originating from plant or animal sources, which may be degraded by other living organisms. Waste that cannot be broken down by other living organisms are called non-biodegradable
A term describing the multitude of life-forms and species (flora and fauna) in an ecosystem. An ecosystem is a biological community living in a particular physical environment. (Read more...)
Fuels coming from biomass such as wood rejects, bark, black liquor produced during the production of virgin pulps, pitch oil, biomass part of mixed wastes and biogas produced during the anaerobic treatment of water. (Read more...)
Liquid residue from pulping that contains organic compounds (like lignin). This residue is burnt in paper mills to produce energy. The energy recovered is classified as renewable as it is coming from biomass.
Term for the sheet of board used for making packaging
The height of the flute or the quality of the paper used to make the board defines the board grade
Chain of Custody (CoC)
Chain of Custody Certification applying to wood/fibre material and products. Chain of Custody is an information trail about the path taken by products from the forest or, in the case of recycled materials, from the reclamation site to the consumer including each stage of processing, transformation, manufacturing, and distribution where progress to the next stage of the supply chain involves a change of ownership.
Production system in which the waste or byproduct of one process or product is used in making another product. For example, recycling waste newspaper to make paper-board or other types of paper. (Read more...)
Material used to coat the board to increase performance/aesthetics e.g. Varnish
Papers and boards mainly used in the manufacture of corrugated board. They are made from virgin or recovered fibres. Included are kraftliner, testliner, semi-chemical fluting and recycled fluting. (Read more...)
Conversion in the context of packaging is the process of burning a blank sheet of board into the finished product
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)
Corporate Social Responsibility: a concept whereby organisations consider the interests of society by taking responsibility for the impact of their activities on customers, suppliers, employees, shareholders, communities and the environment in all aspects of their operations.
Structured board made by a corrugator usually formed by gluing one fluting to two flat-facing sheets of containerboard (kraftliner or testliner). (Read more...)
The machine that makes the corrugated board from fluting and liner papers
Die cut (D/C)
Cuts and scores formed on corrugated sheets with a steel rule die like a biscuit cutter, cutting out the biscuit shapes
ECT (edge crush test)
Edge crush test is a laboratory test method that is used to measure the cross-direction crushing of a sample of corrugated board.
Environmental Management Scheme (EMS)
Environmental Management Systems. A set of processes and practices that enable an organisation to reduce its environmental impact and increase its operating efficiency.
Relates to the size of the fluting. Common flute sizes are "A", "B", "C", "E" and "F"
A single ridge in the fluting medium or a single ridge on the corrugator roll. The ‘wavy’ middle layer in corrugated board. Also know as fluting
Folding carton box
A folding carton box is a paper based product, build up from recovered fibres and is a low grammage solid board (typically <600 grm/sqm). An example would be a cereal box. (Read more...)
Forestry Stewardship Council (FSC)
Forestry Stewardship Council. The FSC is an independent, non-governmental, organisation established to promote the responsible management of the world’s forests. The FSC has developed internationally-recognised forestry certification principles and a system of tracing, verifying and labelling timber and wood/fibre products which is based on FSC-certified forests.
Fuels originating from natural resources (gas, oil, coal, peat and lignite).